By Toni Erskine

Can associations (in the feel of formal companies) endure tasks and be ascribed blame within the related approach that we comprehend person people to be morally answerable for activities? the belief of the "institutional ethical agent" is significantly tested within the guise of states, transnational companies, the UN, NATO and overseas society within the context of a few of the main serious and debated matters and occasions in diplomacy, together with the Kosovo crusade, improvement relief, and genocide in Rwanda.

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Additional resources for Can Institutions Have Responsibilities?: Collective Moral Agency and International Relations (Global Issues)

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J. A. Widner, ‘States and Statelessness in Late Twentieth-Century Africa’, Daedalus, CXXIV 3 (1995) 129–53 (p. 148). She refers specifically to Rwanda and Somalia. Jackson, Quasi-States, p. 80. See also B. J. Ndulu and S. A. O’Connell, ‘Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Journal of Economic Perspectives XIII 3 (1999) 41–66 (p. 49). Jackson, Quasi-States, p. 69. Widner, p. 147; R. H. Jackson, The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), p.

Its purpose is to begin to construct a model of institutional moral agency that can be used to understand more clearly – and discuss more coherently – claims of responsibility in international relations. It is important to emphasize that the latter portion of this discussion will be concerned with employing this model not to make ex post facto assessments of actions (or failures to act) as a way of determining culpability or attributing blame, but rather to make ex ante claims of who can act, and under what conditions, as a preliminary exercise essential to distributing duties in international relations.

49). Jackson, Quasi-States, p. 69. Widner, p. 147; R. H. Jackson, The Global Covenant: Human Conduct in a World of States (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), p. 295. These writers employ different terminology to refer to homologous distinctions. See also A. A. Goldsmith, ‘Foreign Aid and Statehood in Africa’, International Organization, LV (2001) 123–48 (p. 124), and J. Herbst, ‘Responding to State Failure in Africa’, International Security, XXI 3 (1996/1997) 120–44 (p. 125). Jackson, Quasi-States, p.

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