By Eugene Ridings

This e-book is the 1st to explain the function of industrial curiosity teams, often referred to as strain teams, within the improvement of Brazil throughout the 19th century. company curiosity teams strongly affected the modernization and prosperity of agriculture, the velocity of industrialization, and styles of communications. the industrial institutions, an important of industrial curiosity teams, additionally should be noticeable as associations in which ties of dependency to better-developed international locations in a foreign country have been maintained.

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Brazil's second oldest lasting business interest group, the Commercial Association of Pernambuco, dates from 1839. It was unlike the Rio de Janeiro organization in adopting the title "commercial association" from the first, but like it in foreign participation. The surnames of its twentysix organizers reveal that at least half were probably non-Portuguese foreigners. 86 Another Recife organization, the factor-controlled Commercial Agricultural Association {Associagdo Comercial Agricola) of Pernambuco, appeared even earlier, in 1836.

7. 87. See Livro de Atas da Diretoria da Associac,ao Comercial Agricola de Pernambuco (hereafter cited as ACAP), Aug. 10, 1877 to Aug. 8, 1892, AACP. The organization itself may have been revived in 1873 a ^ ter having been inactive. Reference is made to repairs that year on the headquarters of the "new" association. , p. 70. 88. Brazil, Instituto Brasileiro de Geografla e Estatistica, Anudrio Estatistico, 1939—40 (Rio de Janeiro: Imprensa Nacional, 1941), pp. 1374, 1379. The genesis of business interest groups 27 birth of the Commercial Association of Pernambuco in 1839 came in a five-year period witnessing the virtual doubling of Recife's sugar exportation.

Initially pondered calling itself chamber of commerce {camera de comercio) or mercantile association (associacdo mercantit). Minutes, meeting of Preparatory Committee of the Commercial Association of Pernambuco, June 18, 1839, Livro 1 de Atas, AACP, p. 1. Some United States business interest groups, on the other hand, were known as commercial associations. Sturges, American Chambers, p. 47. The Commercial Association of Bahia, however, was an exception in having neither nationality on its organizing committee nor first board of directors.

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