By Marija Gimbutas

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Area of heavy distribution of imports or their imitations of Near Eastern ornaments and daggers. Routes of diffusion of metal types produced in central Europe but modeled on Near Eastern examples. Trade between central Europe and the Near East. Near Eastern sites in which close parallels to east central European ornaments are found: 1. Ugarit (Ras Shamra); 2. El Hamman; 3. Tell As; 4. Hama; 5. Byblos; 6. Megiddo; 7. Cyprus. 5. Distribution of faience beads between the beginning of the second millennium and ca.

Com Download Date | 11/15/12 12:08 PM EARLY BRONZE AGE 51 Fto. 17. Finds from the hoard of W^sosz, district of Szubin, western Poland. 1, basket-shaped earring; 2, 3, spirals; 4-16, amber beads; 17-19, neck-rings; 20, 21, flanged axes; 22, spiral ring; 23-25, bracelets. 1, 17-19, gold; 2, 3, 20-25, bronze. After Knapowska-Mikolajczykowa, 1957. Fig. 18. Basket-shaped earring of gold from Radley, Berkshire, England. Scale 1/2. After The Guide to the Ashmolean Museum, 1951. com Download Date | 11/15/12 12:08 PM 52 PART ONE: STUDY IN CHRONOLOGY scheme (1941, pp.

Into marginal zones gives us some hope of cross-dating even the most widely separated cultures here. Hence, by tracing the distribution of articles used in trade or brought by moving peoples, and by studying the local stratigraphies and typological developments, we can determine which cultures were contemporaneous. It is necessary to stress here that trade objects alone are not sufficient bases for a synchronic framework. Items such as amber or faience beads were used in trade over a long time and their forms did not change appreciably.

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