By W. D. Williams (auth.), W. D. Williams (eds.)

Distribution and variety . . . 142 The Tasmanian Trout Fishery 153 inhabitants Dynamics of Tench 163 Conservation Notes 167 Bibliography . . . . . . . . 168 VII. Littoral Biogeography via A. J. DARTNALL 171 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 The Maugean Marine Province. . . . . . one hundred seventy five Distribution styles of a few Tasmanian Marine Animals 178 Conclusions. . . . a hundred ninety Acknowledgements 191 Bibliography . . . 191 VIII. The Zoogeography and Evolution of Tasmanian Oligochaeta via B. G. M. JAMIESON. . 195 creation . . . . . . . . . . . . 195 The Australian quarter: a global standpoint 198 Earthworms and Continental go with the flow. . . . . 206 Tasmanian Earthworms - Relationships with the Australian Fauna. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 Tasmanian Megasco1ecid Species and features in their Evolution . 218 Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . 226 IX. Oniscoidea (Terrestrial Isopoda) via ALISON J. A. eco-friendly . . . . . . . 229 creation . . . . . . . . . . . 229 Ecological Distribution. . . . . . . 229 reviews on Ecological Distribution 235 Geographical Distribution of Species Recorded from T- mania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 Geographical Distribution of Genera Recorded from T- mama. . . . . . 239 Acknowledgements 247 Bibliography . . . 247 X. The Amphibia of Tasmania through M. J. LITTLEJOHN and A. A. MARTIN 251 advent 251 Taxonomy. 251 Distribution 265 Biology . . 268 Zoogeography . . 272 Evolution . . . . 277 Acknowledgements 282 Bibliography . . . 282 Key 1: Key to Frogs (Adults) . 286 Key 2: Key to Male Mating Calls . 287 Key three: Key to Eggs. . 288 Key four: Key to Tadpoles . . . . . 289 XI. Biogeography and Ecology of the Reptiles of Tasmania and the Bass Strait zone through P. A. RAWLINSON. 291 advent . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291 Cainozoic Climates and Pleistocene Sea degrees. 292 current weather. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297 Ecological requisites of Reptiles. . . . . 299 The Reptile Fauna of Tasmania and the Bass Strait region - Composition, Ecology and Distribution. . . .

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1965. Pleistocene drift in the Mersey and Forth valleys - probability of two glacial stages. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 99: 115-124. PATERSON, S. J. 1966. Pleistocene deposits at Parangana damsite in the Mersey valley. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 100: 147-151. PATERSON, S. , DUIGAN, S. L. & JOPLIN, G. A. 1967. Notes on Pleistocene deposits at Lemonthyme Creek in Forth Valley. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 101: 221-225. PETERSON, j. A. 1968. Cirque morphology and Pleistocene ice formation conditions in southeastern Australia.

BANKS, M. R. 1958. The Pleistocene glacial history of Tasmania. ]. , 3: 298-303. JONES, R. 1968. The geographical background to the arrival of man in Australia and Tasmania. Archaeol. PJrys. Anthrop. Oceania 3: 186-215. MOYE, D. , SHARP, K. R. & STAPLEDON, D. H. 1969. Pleistocene glaciation. ]. Geol. Soc. , 16: 569-572. PATERSON, S. J. 1965. Pleistocene drift in the Mersey and Forth valleys - probability of two glacial stages. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 99: 115-124. PATERSON, S. J. 1966. Pleistocene deposits at Parangana damsite in the Mersey valley.

14 that this had taken place - there is considerable increase in TDS, conductivity, and iron and manganese, so increasing the densityofthe 'anoxilimnion' and preventing convective mixing. Carbon dioxide from decomposition also aids this mineral enrichment by dissolving carbonate minerals. This leads to the dichtomous distribution of HCO a- and pH noted by YOSHIMURA (1932). Hydrogen sulphide is also produced in the 'anoxilimnion' and is liberated in gaseous form as circulation extends into the former hypolimnion in autumn (Fig.

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