By John H. Thomas III (auth.), Alvin W. Czanderna, Theodore E. Madey, Cedric J. Powell (eds.)

Many books can be found that element the elemental rules of different tools of floor characterization. nonetheless, the clinical literature offers a source of ways person items of analysis are performed by way of specific labo- tories. among those extremes the literature is skinny however it is right here that the current quantity with ease sits. either the newcomer and the extra mature scientist will locate in those chapters a wealth of aspect in addition to recommendation and normal counsel of the imperative phenomena correct to the learn of genuine samples. within the research of samples, useful analysts have relatively uncomplicated types of ways every thing works. Superimposed in this perfect international is an realizing of the way the parameters of the size approach, the instrumentation, and the char- teristics of the pattern distort this excellent global into whatever much less certain, much less managed, and no more understood. The information given in those chapters permits the scientist to appreciate tips to receive the main special and understood measu- ments which are at the moment attainable and, the place there are inevitable difficulties, to have transparent advice because the volume of the matter and its most likely behavior.

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81. H. P. Chang and J. H. Thomas III, J. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 26, 203 (1982). 82. Z. Mayer, J. Macromol. Sci. Rev. Macromol. Chem. 10, 263 (1974). 83. J. F. Rabek, B. Ranby, B. Ostensson, and P. Flodin, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 24, 2407 (1979). 84. J. H. Thomas III, unpublished results, 1982. 85. D. T. Clark and H. S. Munro, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 8, 195 (1984). 86. A. Factor and M. L. Chu, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2, 203 (1980). 87. J. A. Yarmoff and S. A. Joyce, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 7, 2445 (1989).

Koch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2172 (1989). F. Lodders, A. Goldman, D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, and W. Braun, 7. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 60, 1(1992). J. Cazaux, Ultramicroscopy 17, 43 (1984); Appl. Surf. Sci. 20, 457 (1985). See, for example, A. Charlesby, Atomic Radiation and Polymers, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1960); T. A. Carlson, in: Desorption Induced by Electronic Transitions, (N. H. Tolk, M. M. Traum, J. C. Tully, and T. E. ), Springer-Verlag, Berlin (1983). Photon Beam Damage and Charging at Solid Surfaces 37 55.

Maggs, Proc. Roy. Soc. A. 172, 299 (1939). M. Schaible, H. Petersen, W. -E. Koch, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 60, 2172 (1989). F. Lodders, A. Goldman, D. Rudolph, G. Schmahl, and W. Braun, 7. Electron Spectrosc. Rel. Phenom. 60, 1(1992). J. Cazaux, Ultramicroscopy 17, 43 (1984); Appl. Surf. Sci. 20, 457 (1985). See, for example, A. Charlesby, Atomic Radiation and Polymers, Pergamon Press, Oxford (1960); T. A. Carlson, in: Desorption Induced by Electronic Transitions, (N. H. Tolk, M. M. Traum, J. C. Tully, and T.

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