By T. G. Schilling (auth.), Yvon Gardan (eds.)

In any enterprise, the basic aspect for the winning use of information processing is education. This represents the biggest price either at start-up and as CAD affects layout place of work tactics except drafting. education is additionally the main tricky price merchandise to quantify. much more than the equip­ ment, education - or retraining with regards to pros in perform - is the foremost to elevated productiveness. thoughts for particular courses of teaching are past the scope of this paper. as soon as employees has been retrained to paintings at greater degrees of productiveness with information processing apparatus, they're extra worthy. they are going to be more challenging to exchange. Their new services signify an important make investments­ ment in modernization, either to the person layout place of work and to the layout occupation as an entire. there's a scarcity of certified individuals with either specialist and laptop abilities. festival between employers for individuals with those abilities already exists and should most likely proceed into the foreseeable destiny. on the outset of teaching, an employment contract is worthy contemplate­ ing for the overall healthiness of all parties.

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Rtatioll. ' The students are also required to write an essay over each of the Christmas and Easter 'vacations'. The students are assessl'd upon their performance in the assignments and essays (approximately half of the total ma,k) and a formal dissertation which is written after the completion of the course work at Easter for submission in August. There 56 ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AND CAD are no formal examinations as such. The course units are described in Appendix I. The type of work undertaken in the course is indicated by the following range of projects and dissertations, selected from the work done in the previous academic year.

Toi393,000. in one decade. architects 22,400 to 25,814, 25%. In real terms architect plunged "Unemployment in the profession stands at less than 4%. But the laws of supply and demand have made architects among the most poorly paid of professionals. , a drop of 20% since 1973, allowing for inflation ••• " And the view from America? Here are words from an interview in the McGraw-Hill ENGINEERING NEWS-RECORD (29 Nov 84) with a ranking member of the American Institute of Architects: "In the future, graphite pencils, old dogs who can't learn new tricks and entry-"level architects who spend time crosshatching brick on drawings will be OUT.

All this is available to the skilled programmer usi~g the source code of the system but it is totally unnaceptable to expect the end user to operate in this way. To date very few commercially available systems combine parameterisation with the more sophisticated screen drawing facilities. Typical areas of application of parameterisation are structural steelwork detailing and reinforced concrete detailing. To the building services engineer there appear to be two main areas in which he could make draughting systems effective.

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