By Fritz Graf

Publish yr note: First released in 2000
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Fritz Graf right here offers a survey of a god as soon as considered the main strong of gods, and in a position to nice wrath may still he be crossed: Apollo the solar god.

From his first attestations in Homer, during the advanced query of pre-Homeric Apollo, to the competition among Apollo and Dionysos in 19th and twentieth-century considering, Graf examines Greek faith and fable to supply an entire account of Apollo within the historical world.

For scholars of Greek faith and tradition, of fantasy and legend, and within the fields of artwork and literature, Apollo will offer an informative and enlightening advent to this strong determine from the previous.

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Additional info for Apollo (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World)

Sample text

The image has lost nothing of its threatening force. But he who sends illness can also cure it. In the Iliad, healing is not the special province of Apollo, but nevertheless it is he who heals the plague. This comes about from the way the plague started: when a wrathful god is sending illness, placating him is the only successful cure. Homer’s Chryses makes the mechanism admirably clear. 456) stops it. In another instance, healing is a result of Apollo’s more general power as a god: when the Lycian Glaukos is wounded by an arrow of Teukros, he prays to his god Apollo, and the god immediately closes his wound and gives him his strength back.

Troy is a more complex case of Homer’s imaginaire than the island of the Phaeacians. There must be some topographical reality behind his narration, otherwise Schliemann would not have succeeded in finding the city with the sole help of the Iliad. The citadel of Troy, the Pergamos, contained another sanctuary of Apollo, as we saw, this time with a temple where Leto and Artemis were curing Aeneas. We should not expect to ever find traces of such a temple any more than of the temple of Athena, at least in Bronze Age Troy; the Iliad, as a German scholar insisted, is no history text book.

That a ritual detail in poetry makes religious and social sense is, of course, no proof of its factual truth. Troy is a more complex case of Homer’s imaginaire than the island of the Phaeacians. There must be some topographical reality behind his narration, otherwise Schliemann would not have succeeded in finding the city with the sole help of the Iliad. The citadel of Troy, the Pergamos, contained another sanctuary of Apollo, as we saw, this time with a temple where Leto and Artemis were curing Aeneas.

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