By Monda Halpern

Targeting white; Anglo-Protestant farm girls in southern and southwestern Ontario, Monda Halpern argues that many Ontario farm ladies have been certainly feminist, and that this feminism used to be extra revolutionary than their conservative picture has advised. In And On That Farm He Had a spouse Halpern demonstrates that Ontario farm ladies adhered to social feminism -- a feminism that occupied with values and reviews linked to girls and that emphasised the diversities among men and women, selling lady specificity, team spirit, and separatism. those ideas have been expert through farm women's overlapping roles as better halves and unpaid farm labourers.

Because males normally owned the "family farm", farm women's financial welfare depended principally at the soft negotiation in their interconnected roles. but the ladies Halpern uncovers have been unusually outspoken approximately their devaluation at the farm and approximately patriarchal traditions and associations that mistreated girls commonly. And On That Farm He Had a spouse exhibits how Ontario farm other halves and daughters sought to enhance their lives, mainly during the domestic economics circulate and Women's Institutes. They devoted themselves to non-public improvement, to raising the character and standing in their paintings, and to public participation in social reform designed to aid others in addition to themselves. All of those efforts have been an expression in their social feminism, which continued in spite of the dramatic adjustments in rural lifestyles at mid-century.

And On That Farm He Had a spouse will attract students and scholars of Canadian historical past, women's historical past, and rural experiences, in addition to to common readers drawn to a missed tale of Ontario's previous.

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Additional info for And on That Farm He Had a Wife: Ontario Farm Women and Feminism, 1900-1970

Sample text

In fact, when their opinions differed from those of their husbands, women employed clever strategies to get their own way. Kenneth Cragg remembered, for example, that when his mother disagreed with her husband over the sale of a cow, and he protested before a farmhand that “her place was in the house,” she “really rebelled,” and went on strike: “she didn’t come out when the next load came in and father seemed surprised. She didn’t go out to help with the milking and by this time father caught on.

She was acutely aware of her inability to conform to the demanding domestic role which was expected of her as a woman – especially a farm woman. These feelings no doubt contributed to her stay at a small private hospital in Toronto in 1911; in 1912 she was committed to the Ontario Hospital in Hamilton. ” The children were sent to live with various relatives during the summer months. 9 At the height of the Depression, farm woman Dorothy Franklin of Brechin, near Orillia, wrote to Prime Minister Bennett of her farm and family’s financial plight, conveying her feelings of hopelessness and despair: ‹we were taught to believe God put us women here for the noble cause of Motherhood.

113 With little or no provisions made for the daughter in her father’s will, farm daughters asked “and what of the girl? She is left wholly defenseless. … She must either marry or go to a factory or domestic service. … Think of the shame and disgrace of being forced into a marriage for the sake of a home. ” They suggested that if fathers “cannot leave their daughters enough to keep them, they should at least take a little and provide them with the means of learning some life-work. ”114 Both farm wives and daughters did more than lament their mistreatment by farm men.

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