By Saint Basil of Caesarea

Basil of Caesarea is taken into account one of many architects of the Pro-Nicene Trinitarian doctrine followed on the Council of Constantinople in 381, which jap and western Christians to this present day profess as "orthodox." Nowhere is his Trinitarian theology extra basically expressed than in his first significant doctrinal paintings, opposed to Eunomius, entire in 364 or 365 CE. Responding to Eunomius, whose Apology gave renewed impetus to a convention of starkly subordinationist Trinitarian theology that may live to tell the tale for many years, Basil's opposed to Eunomius displays the serious controversy raging at the moment between Christians around the Mediterranean international over who God is. during this treatise, Basil makes an attempt to articulate a theology either one of God's unitary essence and of the special good points that symbolize the daddy, Son, and Holy Spirit--a contrast that a few hail because the cornerstone of "Cappadocian" theology. In opposed to Eunomius, we see the conflict no longer easily of 2 dogmatic positions at the doctrine of the Trinity, yet of 2 essentially adverse theological tools. Basil's treatise is as a lot approximately how theology needs to be performed and what people can and can't learn about God because it is set the exposition of Trinitarian doctrine. therefore opposed to Eunomius marks a turning element within the Trinitarian debates of the fourth century, for the 1st time addressing the methodological and epistemological variations that gave upward thrust to theological transformations. Amidst the polemical vitriol of opposed to Eunomius is a decision to epistemological humility at the a part of the theologian, a choice to acknowledge the restrictions of even the easiest theology. whereas Basil sophisticated his theology during the process his occupation, opposed to Eunomius continues to be a testomony to his early theological improvement and a privileged window into the Trinitarian controversies of the mid-fourth century.

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Extra resources for Against Eunomius (Fathers of the Church)

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Basil affirms the positive role of conceptualization in theology in response to Eunomius's denigration of it. l, conceptualization allows real knowledge of objects, especially simple objects, without comprehension of their essence. en, he views. '" Origen and Basil interpret names for Christ like 'light' and 'bread' similarly, but differ over 'vine. "" Basil, however, adapts Origen considerably. entifies th~ scriptural names for Christ with the conceptuahzatIOns of ChrIst, Basil uses the scriptural names for Christ and God to derive conceptualizations about them.

Eun. 11-18. (Leipzig: Helsingfors, 1900). 2 6 5. Jeffrey N. Steenson, "Basil of Ancyra and the Course of Nlcene Ortho~ doxy" (DPhil. , Oxford University, 19 8 3). Homoiousians. "5 Despite the usefulness of Steenson's contribution, a detailed analysis of the relation between Basil's thought in Against Eunomius and Homoiousian theology remains a scholarly desideratum. Nonetheless, we offer a few areas in which Basil's direct dependence on the Homoiousians seems likely. First, the names 'Father' and 'Son' give rise primarily to notions; that is, they do not reveal substance as the Heteroousians had taught.

Eun. 18. 233· Eun. 3-4. 234. Vaggione, 383-95, collects theologically significant passages of scnpture used by non-Nicenes. 235. Eun. 2-3· 23 6 . Eun. 20. s. 59 (2008): 18 3-90 . 237. Eun. 24· 60 61 INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION According to Basil, the Heteroousians are like the "nations" about whom Paul spoke; they are those upon whom Isaiah pronounced woe. In another good example, Basil chides Eunomius for basing himself on Aristotle instead of scripture: finds connections between their views and Eunomius's.

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