By Jo Catling
This quantity makes the wide-ranging paintings of German ladies writers noticeable to a much broader viewers. it's the first paintings in English to supply a chronological advent to and evaluate of women's writing in German-speaking international locations from the center a long time to the current day. large publications to extra examining and a bibliographical consultant to the paintings of greater than four hundred girls writers shape a vital part of the amount, with a purpose to be quintessential for college kids and students of German literature, and all these attracted to women's and gender experiences.
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Additional info for A History of Women's Writing in Germany, Austria and Switzerland
The celibate life of clerics and nuns was frowned upon and the convents were to be thrown open. If we bear in mind that the convent was the only space available to women where they could be completely free of their biology and where they were not just allowed but encouraged to read, write, study and pray, we can see what a retrograde step this was for them. By 1524 the Klarakloster was fighting for its existence in Reformation Nuremberg. In the memoirs she wrote in German, the so-called Denkwürdigkeiten, Caritas Pirckheimer chronicles the pressures and harassment to which her convent was subjected and which she as abbess had to withstand.
As the sixteenth century progressed, however, the formation of theological faculties in the new Protestant universities meant that religious interpretation was taken back into professional and therefore male hands and was carried on in an institution to which women by definition were not admitted. One of the main complaints of Anna Ovena Hoyers was precisely the exclusion of women from theological debate. The Reformation in the German-speaking world ensured, however, that at least one book in the vernacular was accessible to women – the Bible.
Although the theme itself is quickly taken up in German literature, it is adapted only in forms which suppress the potential tension between such an elevated image of the all-powerful feudal lady, and the actual political and social reality of male domination over women. Whereas in France women could occasionally wield considerable political power in their own right, and were also able, as writers and poets (for The Middle Ages example Marie de France or the trobadora Beatriz de Diaz), to comment on the problems of women, or, as rulers and patrons, to feature as the supreme judge in cases of fictional amorous disputes, there is no evidence for parallel developments in Germany.