By Scott L. Montgomery, Alok Kumar

To appreciate smooth technology, it's necessary to realize that the various so much basic clinical rules are drawn from the data of historical civilizations. Taking an international but complete method of this advanced subject, A background of technological know-how in international Cultures makes use of a huge diversity of case experiences and examples to illustrate that the clinical inspiration and approach to the current day is deeply rooted in a pluricultural past.
Covering old Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, Greece, China, Islam, and the recent international, this quantity discusses the scope of medical and technological achievements in every one civilization and the way the data it constructed got here to affect the ecu Renaissance. topics lined contain the impression those medical cultures had upon each other, the ability of writing and its applied sciences, visions of mathematical order within the universe and the way it may be represented, and what parts of the far-off clinical previous we proceed to rely on at the present time. issues frequently left unexamined in histories of technological know-how are handled in interesting aspect, akin to the chemistry of mummification and the nice Library in Alexandria in Egypt, jewelry and concrete making plans of the Indus Valley, hydraulic engineering and the compass in China, the sustainable agriculture and dental surgical procedure of the Mayas, and algebra and optics in Islam.
This ebook exhibits that clinical concept hasn't ever been restricted to anyone period, tradition, or geographic zone. truly awarded and hugely illustrated, A background of technological know-how in international Cultures is the precise textual content for all scholars and others drawn to the advance of technological know-how all through history.

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Extra info for A History of Science in World Cultures: Voices of Knowledge

Sample text

Writings testify to competition among the wealthy regarding extravagant banquets, pleasure gardens, and possessions, and it isn’t difficult to imagine something similar regarding their upcoming trip to the afterlife. We also now know that the natron used by the Egyptians fortunately contained borate, a particularly strong killer of bacteria and fungus, that significantly aided preservation. One very interesting result has come from analysis of mummy hair: this shows a kind of “styling gel” was used in cases where the person’s original hair was still in good condition, showing an effort to preserve some aspects of the living individual.

In other words, a good part of this society walked around each day in some degree of pain. Again, what could have led to all these ailments? Most mummies that have been studied with modern methods represent people from the upper classes of society. Wall inscriptions describing banquets in the Old and Middle Kingdoms tell us they were enthusiastic affairs, with vast amounts of food and drink consumed and hosts defining success on the basis of how many guests ended up drunk or sick. g. After agriculture became the staple source of food, people lived in close quarters, making infectious and contagious diseases more easily spread, increasing exposure to animals who could carry pathogens, and also to less-than-ideal sanitary conditions.

It may be, then, that higher levels of mathematical thought were indeed attained. Perhaps the relevant works have not survived. Losses suffered by the burning of the Great Library at Alexandria may be even greater than we have believed. While Napoleon won a victory that day, his mission to conquer Egypt and thereby gain Britain’s overland trade route to India failed. The year was 1798, and Napoleon had brought 400 ships, 40,000 soldiers, and 167 scientists, engineers, and artists to Alexandria.

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